Sa‘id Nursi’s Approach to the Principles of Reasoning Vis-à-vis Analogical Inductive Reasoning
Under the title “Sa‘id Nursi’s Approach to the Principles of Reasoning Vis-à-vis Analogical Inductive Reasoning (Pendirian Pemikiran Said Nrs berhubung Pemikran Analogis Induktif)”, a research article for Prof. Akgunduz, has been published in Journal of Islam in Asia, Vol. 8, No. 1, June 2011, pp. 158-179.
Analogical inductive reasoning (al-qiyās al-tamthīlī) is to some scholars a controversial issue related to Islamic law and logic. It is argued that this kind of qiyās can only afford non-certain knowledge in Islamic law. Bedi‘uzamān Said Nūrsī (1876-1960) however, evaluated this kind of qiyās and argued that there also exists al-qiyās al-tamthīlī which affords certain knowledge. This problem may not be appreciated unless information regarding the proofs (al-’adillah wa al-Íujaj) and the ways of inference (isÏinbāt) and argumentation (istidlāl) in logic and Islamic law is discussed. For that matter stand of great scholars like Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728) and Ibn al-Qayyim (d. 751) have been shared in. They have actually gone the same way with different nuances.